2856691582690114612.jpg
This image has been sourced from online
6675743643663189995.jpg
This image has been sourced from online
4433121231886661091.jpg
This image has been sourced from online
5538622082091873709.jpg
This image has been sourced from online.
3632906721095649689.jpg
Image courtesy of publisher's website.
y An Imaginary Life : A Novel single work   novel  
  • Author: David Malouf http://www.poetrylibrary.edu.au/poets/malouf-david
Issue Details: First known date: 1978 1978
AustLit is a subscription service. The content and services available here are limited because you have not been recognised as a subscriber. Find out how to gain full access to AustLit

AbstractHistoryArchive Description

'In prose that is both elegant and lyrical, David Malouf departs from the little-known facts of Ovid's exile beyond the pale of civilization to create a deeply moving novel of extraordinary beauty. An outcast in a vast wasteland at the edge of the Black Sea, Ovid discovers a feral child. As he teaches the boy to speak the language of the civilized world, the child tutors him in his own tongue, the language of nature, and the once barren landscape begins to resonate with meaning.' (Publisher's blurb)

Adaptations

An Imaginary Life Kim Carpenter , 1986 single work drama

A stage adaptation of David Malouf's novel about the friendship between the exiled Ovid and a feral child.

Notes

  • Dedication: To Christopher.
  • Other formats: Also braille, sound recording.

Publication Details of Only Known VersionEarliest 2 Known Versions of

    • London,
      c
      England,
      c
      c
      United Kingdom (UK),
      c
      Western Europe, Europe,
      :
      Chatto and Windus , 1978 .
      6675743643663189995.jpg
      This image has been sourced from online
      Extent: 154p.
      Reprinted: 1993
      ISBN: 0701123664
    • New York (City), New York (State),
      c
      United States of America (USA),
      c
      Americas,
      :
      George Braziller , 1978 .
      2856691582690114612.jpg
      This image has been sourced from online
      Extent: 154p.
      ISBN: 090760884X
      • Publisher: Pan
      Sydney, New South Wales,: Pan , 1980 .
      4433121231886661091.jpg
      This image has been sourced from online
      Extent: 154p.
      Reprinted: 1982 , 1984 , 1988 , 1989 , 1990 , 1992
      ISBN: 0330270044
    • New York (City), New York (State),
      c
      United States of America (USA),
      c
      Americas,
      :
      Toronto, Ontario,
      c
      Canada,
      c
      Americas,
      :
      Vintage , 1996 .
      5538622082091873709.jpg
      This image has been sourced from online.
      Extent: 154p.
      ISBN: 0679767932
    • London,
      c
      England,
      c
      c
      United Kingdom (UK),
      c
      Western Europe, Europe,
      :
      Vintage , 1999 .
      3632906721095649689.jpg
      Image courtesy of publisher's website.
      Extent: 154p.
      ISBN: 0099273845
Alternative title: Ett forvandlat liv
Language: Swedish
    • Malmo,
      c
      Sweden,
      c
      Scandinavia, Western Europe, Europe,
      :
      Forum , 1981 .
      Extent: 151p.
      ISBN: 9137074180

Works about this Work

Book Culture, A Delicate Balance David Malouf , 2016 single work essay
— Appears in: #SaveOzStories 2016;

'The ecology of a culture may be as fragile, as precariously balanced, as the one we call Nature. We should be very sure of how that balance has been achieved and continues to work before we think of adjusting or ‘improving’ it.' (Introduction)

Australia and the Post-Colonial Novel Helen Andrews , 2015 single work criticism
— Appears in: Quadrant , October vol. 59 no. 10 2015; (p. 70-73)
Poet's Corner Susan Wyndham , 2014 single work biography
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 1-2 March 2014; (p. 26-31)

'Nearing 80, writer David Malouf continues to draw on his young self as inspiration for his work. He talks to Susan Wyndham.'

David Malouf and the Poetics of Possibility Bill Ashcroft , 2014 single work criticism
— Appears in: JASAL , vol. 14 no. 2 2014;

'The essay addresses the poetic dimension of David Malouf's novels, suggesting that a poetics of possibility can be found in all his work. The poetics of possibility is a function both of Malouf’s thematic interest in the future and of his use of poetic language to draw the reader to imagine various kinds of ways of experiencing and knowing the world. The essay draws upon the philosophy of Ernst Bloch to illuminate the utopian dimension of Malouf’s work, whether in seeing the radiance of possibility in simple objects, the silent ‘presence’ at the centre of language, or the possibility of a different kind of future that Australian society might have experienced.' (Publication abstract)

Heriot's Ithaka : Soul, Country and the Possibility of Home in To The Islands Bernadette Brennan , 2014 single work criticism
— Appears in: JASAL , vol. 14 no. 3 2014;
'The final line of Randolph Stow's To the Islands - " 'My soul', he whispered, over the sea-surge, 'my should is a strange country'" - has perplexed and fascinated readers and critics for five decades. In 1975 Leonie Kramer found Stow's final sentence to be misplaced: ‘It belongs – if indeed it belongs at all – not at the end of a novel of this kind, but near the beginning'. At a time when interest in Stow and his work is again on the ascendency, this paper investigates what Heriot might have appreciated his soul to be, before arguing that he could not have spoken those resonant words until the very moment when he is blinded by illumination atop the coastal cliff. Heriot walks into homelessness in a quest for home. Like Cavafy's ideal voyager his journey is long and hard, and only once he discovers his soul can he appreciate he has no home. Only then can he understand the true meaning of the islands.' (Publication abstract)
Homo Ferus : The Unification of the Human and the Environmental in David Malouf's An Imaginary Life Bridget Grogan , 2014 single work criticism
— Appears in: Scrutiny2 , vol. 19 no. 2 2014; (p. 8-29)
'This essay presents a postcolonial, ecocritical reading of Australian author David Malouf's celebrated novel, An imaginary life (1978). By now an important name in contemporary postcolonial literature, Malouf has yet to be discussed as an author who attempts to explode both colonial and human-centred myths and tropes in a manner that promotes a linguistically sensitive, body- and nature-centred vision. As this essay will argue, Malouf's writing, in its critique of Enlightenment values that have led to the racial classification of humans and modernity's dismissal of the importance of the environment, advances a unique postcolonial and ecological aesthetic. One way in which An imaginary life interrogates Enlightenment values is through its interest in the figure of the “feral child”, a “discovery” or construction of the Enlightenment era itself. The term “feral child” derives from Linnaeus's category “Homo ferus”, appearing in the tenth edition of his Systema naturae (The system of nature). Classified alongside Linnaeus's racial human categories (like Homo Afer and Homo Europaeus), Homo ferus emerges concurrently with the colonial obsession with racial “otherness”. For Malouf, however, the feral human eludes the categorisation of taxonomy specifically and language in general: blurring the “human” and “nature”, it undermines the scientific classification of humankind, and without language, it embodies the possibility of human being-in-nature beyond the influence of symbolic enculturation. In An imaginary life, the wordless immersion of the feral child in the environment allegorises the novel's intention – to produce another form of language, a poetic, allusive language transcending classification and chronology, and enacting the unification of the “human” and the “natural”.' (Publication abstract)
The Case for David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life Dallas J. Baker , 2014 single work review
— Appears in: The Conversation , 15 July 2014;

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Malouf Makes Smart Choices Michael Fitzgerald , 2013 single work column
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 6 November 2013; (p. 22)
(Un-)Settling Reconciliation in David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life Pilar Royo Grasa , 2012 single work criticism
— Appears in: Commonwealth Essays and Studies , Autumn vol. 35 no. 1 2012; (p. 83-92)
'David Malouf 's An Imaginary Life has been praised for its anti-colonial and ethical treat - ment of alterity. However, this paper argues that Ovid appropriates the Child's mysticism as a tool to soothe his pain of unbelonging. In this sense, the novel brings to mind the current debates about the Australian project of reconciliation and the white settlers' opportunist engagement with Aboriginal mysticism and spirituality.' (Author's abstract)
Les Murray in a Dhoti : Transnationalizing Australian Literature Paul Sharrad , 2011 single work criticism
— Appears in: Antipodes , June vol. 25 no. 1 2011; (p. 39-36)
'India has faced a similar challenge in establishing the serious study of its own writing in English, one made more problematic by the battle not only to overcome ingrained colonial prejudice against that writing as second-hand imitations of British literature, but because of the resistance from nationalist critics championing writing in the autochthonous languages of the subcontinent. The tactical solution amongst academics in Australia has been in part to accept the consolidation of the field in the national context and to look beyond the national to historical complex networks of literary production and circulation under Empire and to current networks of diasporic movements in and out of Australia. Among other things Sharrad shares that the current calibration of research publications in Australia and the allocation of research grants threaten steadily to concentrate resources around a few key international journals and narrow interpretations of the national interest.' (Editor's abstract)
Singing it Anew : David Malouf's Ransom Bernadette Brennan , 2011 single work criticism
— Appears in: JASAL , Special Issue vol. 11 no. 1 2011; (p. 1-12)
'In 2009 David Malouf's Ransom was published to great critical and popular acclaim. Ransom presents itself very simply as a beautiful story about (among other things) loss, love, vulnerability and storytelling. But what does it mean to talk about the beautiful in writing? Etienne Gilson argues that writing is a making before it is a knowing or willing, so its primary concern is not a truth to be known or a good to be willed. Its primary concern is beauty. This paper explores how the beautiful operates in, and structures, Ransom.' (Author's abstract)
The Silver Age of Fiction Peter Pierce , 2011 single work criticism
— Appears in: Meanjin , Summer vol. 70 no. 4 2011; (p. 110-115)
Peter Pierce looks at contemporary Australian fiction to define Australia's 'Silver Age of Australian fiction' .
David Malouf e i classici Renato Oniga , 2011 single work criticism
— Appears in: Le Simplegadi , November no. 9 2011; (p. 120-148)
The paper analyses the sources used by Australian writer David Malouf and hypothesises the presence of some classical literary models which have not been investigated so far. In the novel An Imaginary Life (1978) we can identify themes from Ovid's Epistulae ex Ponto, in particular as regards the process of reconciliation of the protagonist with the inhabitants of Tomi. In his latest novel Ransom (2009), it is possible to trace the influence of Ennius' tragedy Hectoris Lytra and, through the pathos of the Latin theatre, we get as far as Shakespeare. More specifically, the character of Somax, the carter, shows the relevance of Latin 'tragi-comedy' as an influence highlighting the values of classical humanitas. [Author's abstract]
'Are We the Future of the Past?' : Gothic Pasts, Gothic Futures, and Imaginary Lives Peter Otto , 2011 single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , October - November vol. 26 no. 3-4 2011; (p. 86-101)
'Peter Otto's essay ... argues that the novel's temporal frame, and its evocation of a species of Gothicism, challenges conventional periodisation' (p.4). The author argues that 'the space of engagement conjured by our ... slow reading of An Imaginary Life , offers an important allegory of the situation of white Australians. Read in these terms, it suggests just how important it might be for white Australians, temporarily, to resist the urge to belong, and that they might not want to become the 'final man', the 'white aborigine', that their own past has dreamed' (p.100).
Intimate Spaces : Poesis, Negativity and Spirit Michael Brennan , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Halfway House : The Poetics of Australian Spaces 2010; (p. 243-262)
The Only Speaker : David Malouf and Endangered Languages and Id-Entities Antonella Riem Natale , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Partnership Id-Entities : Cultural and Literary Re-Insciption/s of the Feminine 2010; (p. 20-29)
Silence, the ‘Virtue of Speaking’ : David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life and Walter Benjamin’s Philosophy of Language Sabina Sestigiani , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Orbis Litterarum , December vol. 65 no. 6 2010; (p. 481-496)
This article examines David Malouf 's An Imaginary Life through the lens of Walter Benjamin's philosophy of language. Confined for the rest of his life at Tomis, a distant and foreign outpost on the eastern border of the Roman Empire, the main character of Malouf's book, the Latin poet Ovid, endeavours to master a silent language. In doing so, Ovid overcomes the lack of correspondence between word and object. His efforts of learning a language made of 'silence', I argue, are an example of Benjamin's notion of Ursprache (primeval language), the primordial essence or 'the kinship' of language, a pivotal element of Benjamin's philosophy of language.
David Malouf's Haunted Writing Colette Selles , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Postcolonial Ghosts 2010; (p. 269-285)
'The two novels this paper focuses on, Remembering Babylon and The Conversations at Curlow Creek, testify to David Malouf's ongoing 'dialogue with Australia'. Published in 1993 and 1996, two centuries after the arrival of the First Fleet of convicts, they engage with crucial issues in a postcolonial Australia which still has to negotiate its existential uncertainty. By returning to the first half of the nineteenth century, the narratives face the ghosts of the past which have haunted Australia, notably the stain of its origins as a penal colony: a sense of exile to the edge of the world is combined with the legacy of historical wrongs, the atrocities of the convict system and the devastating impact of colonization on the Aboriginal peoples - from dispossession to massacre or assimilationist policies which have engendered social alienation and spiritual dislocation.' (p. 270)
All That Is Solid Melts into Air : Australia's Future? Veronica Brady , 2010 single work criticism
— Appears in: Le Simplegadi , November no. 8 2010; (p. 16-23)
The task of imagining those of us who are not of Aboriginal descent into existence in this strange new land (Australia) for two hundred years, which is a very short time in world history, is both challenging and necessary. This paper explores two attempts in doing so as presented in Joseph Furphy's 'Such Is Life', published in 1903, and David Malouf's more recent 'An Imaginary Life', published in 1978.
Book Review – An Imaginary Life by David Malouf Joanne Peulen , 2010 single work review
— Appears in: Booklover Book Reviews 2010;

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Untitled Kate Eldred , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: New Republic , 13 May no. 178 1978; (p. 36)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Untitled Helen McNeil , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: New Statesman , 15 September no. 96 1978; (p. 338)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Untitled Rowe Portis , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: Library Journal , 1 March no. 103 1978; (p. 587)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
The Parable of the Child and the Nose Geoffrey Dutton , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Bulletin , 17 October vol. 99 no. 5131 1978; (p. 75-76)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Printout Helen Frizell , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 20 May 1978; (p. 17)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Civilisation Questioned Kevin Hart , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Canberra Times , 28 October 1978; (p. 15)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
In Modest Scythia Roger Just , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Times Literary Supplement , 22 September 1978; (p. 1056)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
The Wolf-Boy and the Poet Brian Kiernan , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Age , 28 October 1978; (p. 26)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Completing a Life Rosemary McAllister , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 30 September 1978; (p. 17)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Creating the Future Through the Past John McLaren , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: Australian Book Review , November no. 6 1978; (p. 15)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
The Metamorphosis of Ovid Katha Pollitt , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: The Weekend Australian Magazine , 15-16 July 1978; (p. 8)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
A Poet's Novel About a Poet Elizabeth Riddell , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: 24 Hours , vol. 3 no. 10 1978; (p. 66)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Another Fine Novel by Brisbane's Malouf David Rowbotham , 1978 single work review
— Appears in: Courier-Mail , 18 November 1978; (p. 19)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Australia in Disguise Philip Martin , 1979 single work review
— Appears in: Overland , no. 74 1979; (p. 59-60)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Exploring the Territory : Some Recent Australian Novels Peter Pierce , 1979 single work review
— Appears in: Meanjin , Winter vol. 38 no. 2 1979; (p. 225-233) Oceanic Literature , no. 5 1983; (p. 332-345)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel ; The Year of Living Dangerously Christopher Koch 1978 single work novel ; Bitter Bread Ronald McKie 1978 single work novel ; Idlers in the Land Keith Thomas 1978 single work novel ; Tirra Lirra by the River Jessica Anderson 1978 single work novel ; The Bitter Lotus Richard Beilby 1978 single work novel ; Where the Queens All Strayed Barbara Hanrahan 1978 single work novel ; Silent Reach Osmar E. White 1978 single work novel
The Year of Writing Skilfully Laurie Clancy , 1980 single work review
— Appears in: Overland , July no. 80 1980; (p. 51-54)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel ; Passenger Thomas Keneally 1979 single work novel ; The Year of Living Dangerously Christopher Koch 1978 single work novel ; A Cry in the Jungle Bar Robert Drewe 1979 single work novel ; 1915 : A Novel Roger McDonald 1979 single work novel
Untitled Harry Payne Heseltine , 1989 single work review
— Appears in: The Good Reading Guide 1989; (p. 188)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Untitled Barbara Jefferis , 1989 single work review
— Appears in: The Good Reading Guide 1989; (p. 188)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Untitled Nancy Phelan , 1989 single work review
— Appears in: The Good Reading Guide 1989; (p. 188)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Untitled Chris Wallace-Crabbe , 1989 single work review
— Appears in: The Good Reading Guide 1989; (p. 188)

— Review of An Imaginary Life : A Novel David Malouf 1978 single work novel
Culture and Identity : Politics and Writing in Some Recent Post-Colonial Texts Gareth Griffiths , 1992 single work criticism
— Appears in: From Commonwealth to Post-Colonial 1992; (p. 436-443)
Problems of Historicity in David Malouf's An Imaginary Life Peter Morton , 2000 single work criticism
— Appears in: Classical & Modern Literature , vol. 20 no. 1 2000; (p. 1-17)
David Malouf's An Imaginary Life : A Return to the Very Edge of Memory, History and the Multicultural Self M. Dolores Herrero , 2002 single work criticism
— Appears in: Narrativa i Historia 2002; (p. 37-59)
Explores the relationship between history, autobiography and fiction in Malouf's novel.
Constructing the Post-Colonial Male Body Bill Ashcroft , 1998 single work criticism
— Appears in: The Body in the Library 1998; (p. 207-223)
Discuses the representations of the male body and identity in Australian art and literature.
David Malouf's Language of Reconciliation : Stylistic Patterns in An Imaginary Life Brendan Rodda , 2004 single work criticism
— Appears in: Literature and Aesthetics , June vol. 14 no. 1 2004; (p. 49-66)
Uses a linguistic model to analyse the lexico-grammar of two excerpts from Malouf's novel and to show 'Malouf's brilliance in crafting language to convey the theme of the novel' (65).
The 'Fortunate' and the 'Imagined' : Landscape, Myth and Created Self in A. B. Facey and David Malouf Heather Wearne , 1992 single work criticism
— Appears in: The Making of a Pluralist Australia 1950-1990: Selected Papers from the Inaugural EASA Conference 1991 1992; (p. 149-160)
In the Beginning : David Malouf's An Imaginary Life Yvonne Smith , 2005 single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , October vol. 22 no. 2 2005; (p. 160-174)
Discusses Malouf's account of the composing of the novel in late 1976 and considers the implications of changes, particularly as they relate to the title of the novel which was changed only late in the piece from its working version 'Letter from Pontus'. The article draws on Malouf's diaries and letters and the various manuscript versions of the novel held in the Fryer Library, University of Queensland.
Crossing Borders of the Self in the Fiction of David Malouf Mark Byron , 2005 single work criticism
— Appears in: Sydney Studies in English , vol. 31 no. 2005; (p. 76-93) The AustLit Anthology of Criticism 2010; (p. 34)
The essay investigates two of Malouf's novels with regard to the self-other relation: between characters in the story and between the text and the world of the reader. It focuses on three distinct self-other relations: 'the animal and the human (drawing on recent work in ethics by Giorgio Agamben); the relation between two humans as an I and a You (drawing on the theology of Martin Buber); and the human and divinity (drawing on the ethical phenomenology of Emmanuel Levinas)' (76).
'Allowing It to Speak Out of Him' : The Heterobiographies of David Malouf, Antonio Tabucchi and Marguerite Yourcenar Lucia Boldrini , 2004 single work criticism
— Appears in: Comparative Critical Studies , vol. 1 no. 3 2004; (p. 243-263)
'Some Further Being' : Engaging with the Other in David Malouf's An Imaginary Life Don Randall , 2006 single work criticism
— Appears in: The Journal of Commonwealth Literature , vol. 41 no. 1 2006; (p. 17-32)
Lives Without Letters : The Illiterate Other in An Imaginary Life, Remembering Babylon and The Conversations at Curlow Creek Helga Ramsey-Kurz , 2003 single work criticism
— Appears in: Ariel , April-July vol. 34 no. 2-3 2003; (p. 115-133)
Exil et imaginaire dans 'An Imaginary Life' de David Malouf Genevieve Fabre , 1979-1980 single work criticism
— Appears in: Commonwealth , vol. 4 no. 1979-1980; (p. 51-58)
Roots and Imaginations : An Interview with David Malouf Michel Fabre (interviewer), 1979 single work interview
— Appears in: Commonwealth , vol. 4 no. 1979-1980; (p. 59-67) Australian Literature Today 1980; (p. 59-67)
The Triumphant Word : Malouf's Heideggerian Vision in 'An Imaginary Life' Michael Ackland , 2006 single work criticism
— Appears in: Hungarian Journal of English and American Studies , Spring-Fall vol. 12 no. 1-2 2006; (p. 239-44)
y The Transformation of Political Identity from Commonwealth through Postcolonial Literature : The Cases of Nadine Gordimer, David Malouf and Michael Ondaatje Lamia Tayeb , Lewiston : Edwin Mellen Press , 2006 Z1411707 2006 single work criticism
Interview : David Malouf Jim Davidson (interviewer), 1980 single work interview
— Appears in: Meanjin , Spring vol. 39 no. 3 1980; (p. 323-334) Sideways from the Page : The Meanjin Interviews 1983; (p. 263-279) David Malouf : Johnno, Short Stories, Poems, Essays and Interview 1990; (p. 285-298)
The Mind of David Malouf Peter Craven (interviewer), 1990 single work criticism biography interview
— Appears in: The Sunday Herald , 18 February 1990; (p. 37)
'The Final Frontier' : Exploring Language and Consciousness in David Malouf's An Imaginary Life Lamia Tayeb , 2007 single work criticism
— Appears in: Commonwealth , Spring vol. 29 no. 2 2007; (p. 43-54)
'This paper studies David Malouf's critique of Western strategies of settlement and exploration in his novel, An Imaginary Life. Malouf unveils the Western epistemic dichotomy between nature and culture and its role in perpetuating the figures of dislocation and alienation underlying settler colonial rule. Ovid's story of exile gradually becomes the agent of a re-writing that is at once profoundly poetic and deeply immersed in the politics of imperial subjugation' (43).
An Imaginary Life : David Malouf (1934- ) Jane Gleeson-White , 2007 single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Classics : Fifty Great Writers and Their Celebrated Works 2007; (p. 248-252)
Many-Sided Analogies in Arguedas, Asturias, and Malouf Claudette Kemper Colombus , 2006 single work criticism
— Appears in: Metaphor and Symbol , vol. 21 no. 2 2006; (p. 105-120)
Last amended 2 Oct 2015 12:59:45
X