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Barbara Baynton (a.k.a. Barbara Jane Baynton; Barbara Janet Ainsleigh Lawrence; Barbara Kilpatrick; Barbara Frater; Lady Headley; Agda) b. 4 Jun 1857 d. 28 May 1929 (33 works by fr. 1896)

Barbara Baynton was the seventh child of Elizabeth (nee Ewart) and John Lawrence. Her claim that she was illegitimate had its origins in the long de facto relationship her mother had with Robert Kilpatrick, whom Elizabeth married in 1862. In Barbara Baynton:

Between Two Worlds (1989), Penne Hackforth-Jones speculates that Baynton and her siblings were all illegitimate.

Discrepancies appear in statements made by Baynton and some editions of her work refer to her simply as born 'to Irish immigrant parents'.

Baynton's early life in the Upper Hunter Valley region was poverty-stricken, recalled in Human Toll (1907). At eighteen she left home to work as a housekeeper on a station in northwestern New South Wales; her unpleasant experience there is recounted in 'Billy Skywonkie'. She then worked as a governess for the Frater family at Merrylong Park, northwest of Scone, and subsequently married the second son, Alex, in June 1880.

'Drought Driven' (an unpublished story mentioned by Hackforth-Jones), gives some idea of Baynton's life on a poor farm near Coonamble. She left in 1887 when she discovered that her niece Sarah was having an affair with Frater. Baynton supported herself and three children as a milliner at Emmaville. She divorced Frater in 1889 and married Thomas Baynton, a retired Sydney doctor for whom she had worked as a housekeeper. The couple had a happy marriage and Baynton was able to indulge her taste for fine possessions. She was able to write and also formed significant friendships with A. G. Stephens (q.v.), Miles Franklin (q.v.), Vance Palmer (q.v.), Ethel Turner (q.v.), prime minister William Morris Hughes and Rose Scott (q.v.).

Baynton went to England in 1902 to find a publisher for a volume of short fiction. An introduction to Edward Garnett, a writer and critic who had helped Henry Lawson (q.v.), Joseph Conrad, John Galsworthy and D. H. Lawrence (q.v.), resulted in an offer from Duckworth to publish Bush Studies (1902). Baynton then lived between Sydney and London, increasingly so after the death of Thomas Baynton in 1904. News of his widow's activities was included in The British-Australasian, edited by her friends the Chomleys. She met their relative from Melbourne, Martin Boyd (q.v.), and became his patroness in London. Boyd's memories of Baynton may be identified in his characters 'Brangane Winter', (Brangane 1926) and 'Bridget Malwyn', (Such Pleasure 1949).

During the First World War, Baynton's homes in England received Australian servicemen on leave; Cobbers (1917) was marketed to the large numbers of these servicemen in London. In 1921 she married George Allanson-Winn, Baron Headley, but they separated in 1924. Returning to Australia, Baynton settled in Toorak. She died of 'cerebral thrombosis and pneumonia' and her ashes were buried at Waverley Cemetery, Sydney.

Bayton's writing is important in evaluating the 1890s, a contentious period in Australian writing and politics. Her readers are obliged to revise their views of 'the bush' and to contend with her use of vernacular speech. 'Barbara Baynton,' according to Alan Lawson (q.v.), 'has a small oeuvre and a large reputation.'

y separately published work icon Barbara Baynton Barbara Baynton , Sally Krimmer (editor), Alan Lawson (editor), St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 1980 1980 selected work novel poetry short story criticism correspondence biography y
Martin Baynton b. 1953 (3 works by fr. 1996)
y separately published work icon Barbara Baynton's Bush Studies Peter Stanley , Glebe : Pascal Press , 1994 1994 single work criticism y
y separately published work icon Barbara Baynton : Between Two Worlds : A Biography Penne Hackforth-Jones , Ringwood : Penguin , 1989 1989 single work biography y
Henry Baynton Somer Gullett (a.k.a. Jo Gullett) b. 16 Dec 1914 d. 24 Aug 1999 (4 works by fr. 1965) Liberal parliamentarian, farmer and grandson of Barbara Baynton
Barbara Baynton's Stories A. A. Phillips , ( Barbara Baynton and the Dissidence of the Nineties ), single work criticism
— Appears in: Overland , Summer (1961-1962) no. 22 1961 1961 (p. 15-20)
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Terri Rose Baynton (International) assertion (6 works by fr. 2018)

Terri Rose Baynton lives in the beautiful seaside town of Waihi Beach, New Zealand, amongst good friends, warm waves and a menagerie of animals. She is a scriptwriter and storyliner for children’s television, working with Weta Productions on JANE AND THE DRAGON and THE WOTWOTS, alongside her father, WOTWOTS creator Martin Baynton.

Barbara Baynton : Bush Studies, Other Stories, Human Toll, Verse, Essays and Letters y separately published work icon Barbara Baynton Barbara Baynton , Sally Krimmer (editor), Alan Lawson (editor), St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 1988 1980 selected work novel poetry short story criticism correspondence biography
Barbara Baynton Nina Philadelphoff-Puren , single work criticism
— Appears in: Fifty Books for Fifty Years : Celebrating Half a Century of Collecting Clayton : Monash University Library , 2008 2008 (p. 12-13)
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Mrs Barbara Baynton : Interview in Home (September 1920) ( Mrs Barbara Baynton ), single work biography
— Appears in: The Home , (Spring) September vol. 1 no. 3 1920 1920 (p. 83)
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Barbara Baynton Nettie Palmer , single work criticism
— Appears in: Illustrated Tasmanian Mail , 26 June 1929 1929
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y separately published work icon Three Australian Writers : Essays On Bruce Dawe, Barbara Baynton and Patrick White Thea Astley , Townsville : Foundation for Australian Literary Studies, James Cook University of North Queensland , 1979 1979 single work criticism y
Barbara Baynton single work essay
— Appears in: The Brisbane Courier , 17 October 1931 1931 (p. 14)
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Rereading Barbara Baynton's Bush Studies Leigh Dale , single work criticism
— Appears in: Texas Studies in Literature and Language , Winter vol. 53 no. 4 2011 2011 (p. 369-386)
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Barbara Baynton Sally Krimmer , single work biography
— Appears in: 200 Australian Women : A Redress Anthology Broadway : Women's Redress Press , 1988 1988 (p. 64-66)
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Review of Barbara Baynton's Human Toll single work review
— Appears in: The Native Companion , April no. 44 1907 1907
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The Making of Barbara Baynton Rosemary Moore , single work criticism
— Appears in: Changing The Victorian Subject Adelaide : University of Adelaide Press , 2014 2014 (p. 83-103)
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Barbara Baynton Barbara Baynton , extract short story
— Appears in: A Single Tree : Voices from the Bush Melbourne : Penguin Random House Australia , 2016 2016 (p. 28-29)
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Barbara Baynton: An Affinity with Pain Lucy Frost , single work criticism
— Appears in: Who Is She? St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 1983 1983 (p. 56-70)
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Barbara Baynton: An Australian Jocasta Joan Kirkby , single work criticism
— Appears in: Westerly , December vol. 34 no. 4 1989 1989 (p. 114-124)
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A Note On Barbara Baynton Peter Cowan , single work review
— Appears in: Arts Quarterly , Summer 1949 1949 (p. 8-13)
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Barbara Baynton : A Master of Naturalism Jack Lindsay , single work criticism
— Appears in: Decay and Renewal : Critical Essays on Twentieth Century Writing Sydney : London : Wild and Woolley ; Lawrence and Wishart , 1976 1976 (p. 262-266)
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Tributes, But Baynton's Sold Short Barbara Brooks , single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 4 March 1989 1989 (p. 88)
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Tributes, But Baynton's Sold Short Judith Clark , single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 4 March 1989 1989 (p. 88)
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Barbara Baynton: A Master of Nationalism Jack Lindsay , single work review
— Appears in: Meanjin Quarterly , Spring vol. 25 no. 3 1966 1966 (p. 345-348)
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Barbara Baynton and the Horror of Women's Lives Gillian Polack , single work essay
— Appears in: Aurealis , no. 135 2020 2020
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Barbara Baynton's Revisions to 'Squeaker's Mate' Elizabeth Webby , single work criticism
— Appears in: Southerly , December vol. 44 no. 4 1984 1984 (p. 455-468)
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Barbara Baynton : Woman as 'The Chosen Vessel' Kay Schaffer , single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , May vol. 11 no. 1 1983 1983 (p. 25-37)
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Writers I Remember [1] : Barbara Baynton Vance Palmer , single work criticism biography
— Appears in: Overland , Summer no. 11 1958 1958 (p. 15-16)
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Barbara Baynton's Books : An Appreciation C. Barrett , single work
— Appears in: The Herald , 20 July 1929 1929
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The Bush Stories of Barbara Baynton Callisto , single work
— Appears in: The Wentworth Magazine , June 1928 1928 (p. 39-41)
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A Bibliography of Barbara Baynton Sally Krimmer , single work bibliography
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , October vol. 7 no. 4 1976 1976 (p. 430-433)
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Barbara Baynton (1857-1929) Alan Lawson , single work biography
— Appears in: Australian Literature, 1788-1914 Detroit : Gale Research Co. , 2001 2001 (p. 27-37)
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The Houses Barbara Baynton Built Brenda Niall , single work criticism biography
— Appears in: This Australia , vol. 1 no. 4 1982 1982 (p. 37-42)
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Memoir of Barbara Baynton Henry Baynton Somer Gullett , single work biography
— Appears in: Bush Studies Sydney : Angus and Robertson , 1965 1902 (p. 1-25)
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Gender and Genre in Barbara Baynton's Human Toll Susan Sheridan , single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , May vol. 14 no. 1 1989 1989 (p. 66-77)
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Barbara Baynton : Introduction Sally Krimmer , Alan Lawson , single work criticism
— Appears in: Barbara Baynton St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 1980 1980 (p. ix-xxxiii)
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Barbara Baynton : The Real Thing Brenda Niall , single work biography
— Appears in: Friends and Rivals : Four Great Australian Writers Melbourne : Text Publishing , 2020 2020
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Barbara Baynton in the Upper Hunter J. S. Ryan , single work column biography
— Appears in: Armidale & District Historical Society Journal & Proceedings , no. 21 1978 1978 (p. 79)
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New Light on Barbara Baynton Sally Krimmer , single work biography
— Appears in: Australian Literary Studies , October vol. 7 no. 4 1976 1976 (p. 425-430)
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Barbara Baynton Letters Chris Tiffin , single work criticism
— Appears in: Found in Fryer : Stories from the Fryer Library Collection St Lucia : University of Queensland Library , 2010 2010 (p. 66-67)
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Barbara Baynton : A Literary Pioneer Nettie Palmer , single work obituary
— Appears in: The Brisbane Courier , 15 June no. 22272 1929 1929 (p. 21)
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Barbara Baynton's Stories A. A. Phillips , ( Barbara Baynton and the Dissidence of the Nineties ), single work criticism
— Appears in: The Australian Tradition : Studies in a Colonial Culture Melbourne : Cheshire-Lansdowne , 1966 1958 (p. 72-82)
Barbara Baynton's Stories A. A. Phillips , ( Barbara Baynton and the Dissidence of the Nineties ), single work criticism
— Appears in: The Australian Nationalists : Modern Critical Essays Melbourne : Oxford University Press , 1971 1971 (p. 149-158)
Barbara Baynton's Stories A. A. Phillips , ( Barbara Baynton and the Dissidence of the Nineties ), single work criticism
— Appears in: An Overland Muster : Selections from Overland 1954-1964 Brisbane : Jacaranda Press , 1965 1965 (p. 178-190)
Barbara Baynton's Stories A. A. Phillips , ( Barbara Baynton and the Dissidence of the Nineties ), single work criticism
— Appears in: Bush Studies Sydney : Angus and Robertson , 1965 1902 (p. 26-42)
'The Chosen Vessel' : Barbara Baynton (1857-1929) Jane Gleeson-White , single work criticism
— Appears in: Australian Classics : Fifty Great Writers and Their Celebrated Works Crows Nest : Allen and Unwin , 2007 2007 (p. 40-44)
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Furphy 4 - `To My Country' : Brereton Not Baynton! C. Franklin , single work criticism
— Appears in: Notes & Furphies , April no. 26 1991 1991 (p. 17-18)
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