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Issue Details: First known date: 1993... 1993 Writing on the Backs of the Blacks: literacy, Creole and Language Change in the Northern Territory of Australia
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AbstractHistoryArchive Description

'Addresses questions of ethics of researching another culture; analyses written attitudes to literacy; traces development of Kriol, attitudes to its use in bilingual education in Northern Territory and how Summer Institute of Linguistics linguists have viewed it; examines language attitudes and choices at Ngukurr, Barunga and Nauiyu Nambiyu (Daly River); compares Kriol, Daly creole and Ngangityemerri phonologies in relation to orthographies; shows how literacy is used in newly literate communities by examining representation of prosody and code-switching between English and Kriol in texts; through stories explores intuitions on Kriol and identity, variety of Kriol speakers and occasions Kriol is used; concludes that Kriol literature has a doubtful future. '


  • Thesis (Ph. D.)–University of Sydney, 1993.

Publication Details of Only Known VersionEarliest 2 Known Versions of

      Sydney, New South Wales,: 1993 .
      Extent: viii, 324p.
      • Includes bibliography

Other Formats

Last amended 3 May 2017 14:59:37
  • Arnhem Land, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Daly Waters, Mataranka - Tennant Creek area, Central Northern Territory, Northern Territory,
  • Barunga, Batchelor - Katherine area, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Daly River, Daly River - Wadeye area, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Ngukurr, Roper River area, East Arnhem Land, Arnhem Land, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Aboriginal Kriol Included in AIATSIS, but with no ref. number language
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