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Issue Details: First known date: 1937... 1937 Maurice Barlow, Pioneer of our Buffalo Industry : Export of Hides Factor in Northern Commerce
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AbstractHistoryArchive Description

This, the twenty-fifth in a series on pioneers and explorers, tells of the establishment of settlements at Port Essington, Raffles Bay and Fort Dundas on Melville Island and of how the buffalo came to Northern Australia from Timor. In 1823 Govenor King and William Barnes suggested that Northern Australia needed protection both military and commercial from foreign powers. Consequently an expedition was embarked on to set up a fort at Port Essington. The settlement was attacked by the Aborigines who were repulsed but a ship sent from there was attacked by the native people of Timor and the crew killed. Another ship sent out was attacked by pirates. At about this time the buffalo was imported from Timor by Maurice Barlow and when the settlements were abandoned the buffalo were set loose and multiplied in the hot wet conditions. The settlement moved to the Swan River in Western Australia. In 1838 the French did try to claim the Northern land but Captain Bremer turned them back.

Publication Details of Only Known VersionEarliest 2 Known Versions of

  • Appears in:
    y separately published work icon The Queenslander no. 16 September 1937 9401715 1937 newspaper issue 1937 pg. 3
Last amended 18 Mar 2016 09:39:41
3 Maurice Barlow, Pioneer of our Buffalo Industry : Export of Hides Factor in Northern Commercesmall AustLit logo The Queenslander
  • Melville Island, Tiwi Islands, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Darwin, Darwin area, Northern Territory,
  • Melbourne City, Melbourne, Victoria,
  • Port Essington, Cobourg Peninsula, West Arnhem Land, Arnhem Land, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Bathurst Island, Tiwi Islands, Top End, Northern Territory,
  • Swan River, Western Australia,
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