The Star, previously the Star, and Working Man's Guardian, continued the general themes and editorial policy of its predecessor. As with the Star, and Working Man's Guardian, the Star mirrored the Parramatta Chronicle, and Cumberland General Advertiser and its successor, the Cumberland Times, and Western Advertiser, and much of its content was identical to that of the Parramatta Chronicle and the Cumberland Times.
Like the Parramatta Chronicle, and later the Cumberland Times, the Star was initially published on a Saturday morning. However, from late February 1846, its publication date changed to Friday; from then on it was published on the day previous to its 'sister' newspaper. Each of the papers comprised four pages per issue. While the Parramatta Chronicle and the Cumberland Times appeared in a four-column format, the Star was set out in three columns and was slightly smaller in size. As a result, the Star omitted some of the Parramatta Chronicle's copy and carried virtually no advertising.
The news sections of the Star were usually identical to those of the Parramatta Chronicle and the Cumberland Times. Weekly issues featured local Sydney news as well as regional news from the 'Interior'. The 'Interior' comprised settlements such as Maitland, the Lower Murrumbidgee, Bathurst, Goulburn and Queanbeyan. Reports were also included from colonial settlements in Port Phillip, Van Diemen's Land, Swan River and South Australia. Depending on the arrival of ships, international news was provided from Ireland, the USA, New Zealand, India and Tahiti. Most issues included some news from England.
Colonial news focused heavily on crime and accidents. Significant space was given over to reports of violent crime, insolvencies, suicides, illicit stills and crimes perpetrated by the Indigenous populations of, in particular, the Port Phillip district. Typical crime headlines were 'Murders by the Blacks', 'A Horrid Murder' and 'Wicked Villainy'. Many issues included reports from the Parramatta Quarter Sessions, the Windsor Police Court and the Central Criminal Court. News items about accidental deaths from drowning and burns were also prominent.
Dominant local issues included the standard of the Female Factory at Parramatta, the debates of the Legislative Council and news from the various churches. The latter incorporated the construction and opening of a Jewish synagogue in Sydney and early Wesleyan moves towards providing European-style education for local Indigenous peoples.
The Star published some poetry by colonial and British authors, but literature was not an important feature in the newspaper's pages. Regular column space was devoted to shipping arrivals and departures, shipping accidents and shipwrecks, race meetings and sporting activities, recipients of tickets-of-leave, impoundings, and births, deaths and marriages.