'Country' to Aboriginals is a whole that includes humans along with animal, vegetable and mineral constituents. To Anglo-Celtic colonial views the Australian 'country' was harsh and alien. Autochonous inhabitants were invisible or erasable, including their part in shaping the perceived 'park-like' areas. Marketing views of Australia disappointed actual migrants. Concerns about the efffect of white re-shaping of the landscape, and environmental destruction, only appeared in the late twentieth century, and an awareness of original inhabitants' rights in the landscape is central to postcolonial ways of seeing the 'country.'