Mallan and Patterson contend that despite the enduring value of print, digital publishing is 'present and active' and is changing the way in which research, particularly in the humanities, is being undertaken. Their approach has three parts: firstly, they consider how digital technologies are changing the way in which content is constructed, customised, modified, disseminated, and accessed within a global, distributed network. This section argues that the transition from print to electronic or digital publishing means both losses and gains, particularly with respect to shifts in their approaches to textuality, information, and innovative publishing. Second, they discuss the AustLit Children's Literature Digital Resources (CLDR) project. This case study of a digitising initiative opens out the transformative possibilities and challenges of digital publishing and e-scholarship for research communities. Third, they reflect on technology's capacity to bring about major changes in the light of the theoretical and practical issues that have arisen from their discussion.