AustLit logo
Issue Details: First known date: 1979... 1979 Indo-Fijian Fiction and the Girmit Ideology
The material on this page is available to AustLit subscribers. If you are a subscriber or are from a subscribing organisation, please log in to gain full access. To explore options for subscribing to this unique teaching, research, and publishing resource for Australian culture and storytelling, please contact us or find out more.

AbstractHistoryArchive Description

In this early essay on Indo-Fijian fiction, Vijay Mishra considers the reverberations of an 'Indian indenture consciousness' in the contemporary literary work of Satendra Nandan, Subramani and Raymond Pillai.


  • Girmit and girmitya are terms which were used by indentured labourer in Fiji to refer to their conditions and themselves. They are thought to derive from a corrupted form of the word 'agreement,' suggesting the importance of the contract that governed the lives of indentured labourers. These terms were not in use for many years but have, towards the end of the twentieth century, enjoyed a revival.

Publication Details of Only Known VersionEarliest 2 Known Versions of

  • Appears in:
    y separately published work icon The Indo-Fijian Experience Subramani (editor), St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 1979 Z1313159 1979 anthology short story essay poetry St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 1979 pg. 171-183
Last amended 9 Sep 2009 12:39:52
171-183 Indo-Fijian Fiction and the Girmit Ideologysmall AustLit logo