The Jindyworobak Anthology
, published annually from 1938-1953, was initiated by South Australian poet Rex Ingamells
. It published poetry that set out to avoid European influences and relate more closely to the Australian environment, history and traditions, including those of the Aboriginal people, searching in this way for an authentic expression of Australian culture. The name 'Jindyworobak' was taken from the glossary of James Devaney's The Vanished Tribes
(1929), as an Aboriginal word meaning 'to annex', or 'join'. Ingamells adopted it for the movement as symbolic of the joining of 'white' and 'black' culture. The first issues of the Anthology, edited by Ingamells himself, did much to set the direction of the Jindyworobak movement and rapidly attracted contributors. However, the movement was waning by the nineteen-fifties and the 1953 Anthology was the last issued.