AustLit logo
image of person or book cover 5458467640302633478.jpg
Source: Perth Sunday Times, 7 November, 1915
John Simpson Kirkpatrick John Simpson Kirkpatrick i(A63046 works by) (a.k.a. Private William Simpson)
Born: Established: 6 Jul 1892 Durham (County),
United Kingdom (UK),
Western Europe, Europe,
; Died: Ceased: 19 May 1915 Gallipoli,
Middle East, Asia,

Gender: Male
Arrived in Australia: 1910
The material on this page is available to AustLit subscribers. If you are a subscriber or are from a subscribing organisation, please log in to gain full access. To explore options for subscribing to this unique teaching, research, and publishing resource for Australian culture and storytelling, please contact us or find out more.


Simpson and his donkey - Hero of ANZAC.

Twenty-two years old, English-born John Simpson Kirkpatrick "was an unlikely figure to become a national hero...He enlisted in the AIF, expecting this would give him the chance to get back to England; instead, Private Simpson found himself at ANZAC Cove on 25 April 1915, and was killed less than four weeks later...Instructed to recover and help the wounded he undertook this work enthusiastically. Famously, he used a small donkey to carry men down from the front line, often exposing himself to fire. The bravery of this "man with the donkey" soon became the most prominent symbol of Australian courage and tenacity on Gallipoli."

Source: Australian War Memorial Sighted 18/1/2013

Most Referenced Works


Last amended 19 May 2015 09:47:35
Other mentions of "" in AustLit: