AustLit logo
NLA image of person
Catherine Helen Spence Catherine Helen Spence i(A30021 works by) (a.k.a. Catherine H. Spence; Catherine Ellen [sic] Spence; Catherine H. [sic] Spense; Cathrine Helen [sic] Spence; John B. Spence; C. H. Spence; J. B Spence)
Also writes as: A Colonist of 1839 ; Aunt Kate ; D. G. ; Meridionale ; One Who Loves Them ; C. H. S.
Born: Established: 31 Oct 1825 Melrose,
United Kingdom (UK),
Western Europe, Europe,
; Died: Ceased: 3 Apr 1910 Norwood, Norwood, Payneham & St Peters area, Adelaide - North / North East, Adelaide, South Australia,
Gender: Female
Arrived in Australia: 1839
Heritage: Scottish
The material on this page is available to AustLit subscribers. If you are a subscriber or are from a subscribing organisation, please log in to gain full access. To explore options for subscribing to this unique teaching, research, and publishing resource for Australian culture and storytelling, please contact us or find out more.


Daughter of David Spence and Helen Brodie, Spence was educated in Edinburgh and came to Australia with her family in 1839. She became a governess at the age of 17 and was in charge of a school at 20. In 1850 she turned to journalism, publishing articles in Cornhill Magazine, Fortnightly Review and Melbourne Review, and she was a regular paid contributor to the South Australian Register from 1878 to 1893, writing leaders, book reviews and articles. These included a number of articles on electoral reform, which had been a particular concern of hers since reading an article by John Stuart Mill in 1859. She wrote for children as "Aunt Kate" in The Children's Hour and wrote on children's books in the Observer as " One who loves them". She published a number of acrostics, games and acting charades, and contributed to, and possibly edited, two books of acrostics, Silver Wattle (1879) and Olio (1880).

In 1859, with other women from the Unitarian Church, she established a juvenile library which existed for many years and is now housed in the Children's Literature Research Collection at the State Library of South Australia.

Spence visited England in 1865, and on her return to South Australia lived an active life working for the welfare of destitute children as well as being a Unitarian preacher and a publicist for the emancipation of women and for electoral reform. In 1877 she was appointed to the School Board of Advice for the East Torrens area; the first woman to be placed in an official position by the South Australia Government.

She devoted the last two decades of her life to campaigning for electoral reform and proportional representation, both in Australia and in Britain and the United States. Standing for election at the Federal Convention in 1897, albeit unsuccessfully, she was the first woman political candidate in Australia. She was appointed to the Commission of Enquiry into the management and condition of the Adelaide Hospital in 1895; the first woman in Australia to participate in an official Commission. In 1902 she helped found the National Council of Women.

Most Referenced Works


  • For identification of 'D.G.' as Catherine Helen Spence, see entry for South Australian Lyrics, July 22 1845 in "Catherine Helen Spence: A Bibliography", on the website of the State Library of South Australia,
  • Obituaries for Spence are selectively indexed in this database. A full listing may be found in Barbara Wall's "Catherine Helen Spence: A Bibliography"
  • Chosen as one of 150 great South Australians by a panel of The Advertiser senior writers to celebrate the 150th Anniversay of The Advertiser newspaper, 12 April 2008.

Affiliation Notes

  • Born elsewhere; moved to SA

Known archival holdings

Albinski 210-211
State Library of South Australia State Library of SA (SA)
National Library of Australia (ACT)
State Library of NSW (NSW)
Last amended 27 Nov 2019 16:48:20
Other mentions of "" in AustLit: