'A printing press was brought to New South Wales by the First Fleet, Before the Sydney Gazette was established in 1803, the press was used mainly for printing government orders. However the orders and proclamations of the governors who ran the colony as a gaol did not receive enough publicity and so the impulse to print a newspaper arose. The Sydney Gazette was as unique a newspaper as New South Wales was a unique settlement. It s origins , organisation and policy were unparalleled in any other part of the world. Printed and edited by a convict, George Howe, the Gazette was almost in it s early years the personal organ of Governor King. The first copy Howe printed was sent to the Governor's Secretary or the Governor and returned, duly initialled , for the printer to continue and print more copies for distribution. Prom such a practice contemporaries, and, in their wake, historians believed that a censorship of the Gazette existed. Immediately, however, a problem i s raised by the long established convention that the laws of England were the laws of her colonies and that English law since 1695 had known no such thing as a censorship of the Press. Thus the first half of this work is devoted to an attempt to delineate the nature of the relationship between the Gazette and the government between 1803 and 1824.'