AustLit logo
y separately published work icon Australia's Fourth World Nation single work   essay  
Issue Details: First known date: 1995... 1995 Australia's Fourth World Nation
The material on this page is available to AustLit subscribers. If you are a subscriber or are from a subscribing organisation, please log in to gain full access. To explore options for subscribing to this unique teaching, research, and publishing resource for Australian culture and storytelling, please contact us or find out more.

AbstractHistoryArchive Description

'It was my father's persecution as an outspoken Birragubba man, that has given me the incentive to continue speaking out for justice and human rights. Dad was removed as a half-caste child from the community of Ayr, North Queensland, and sent to Palm Island under the Protection Act. One week before he died he was visited by Birragubba elders, where they conversed in fluent language. When asked why he did not teach his children the language he replied, "I have too many wounds from the beatings we received when speaking our language".

'In 1957, my grandfather was one of the six men who went on a hunger strike on Palm Island for better conditions. All six men were handcuffed, chained and separated again from their families and sent to others reserves in Queensland. My grandmother is still alive today, with these memories.

'1995 is the year of celebrating Victory in the Pacific; a time when all Australians remember, and pay homage to the many thousands who fought for freedom. We remember those who paid with the greatest gift of all, their lives.

'Many indigenous people enlisted in, fought and died in wars when governments refused to recognise them as citizens of this country, their country, Australia.'

(Source : University of New England)

Publication Details of Only Known VersionEarliest 2 Known Versions of

    • Armidale, Armidale area, New England, New South Wales,: University of New England , 1995 .
      Link: 18161908Access online Sighted: 31/10/2019
      Extent: 20 pp.
      Description: illus., port.
      Written as: Grace Smallwood
      ISBN: 186389294X
      Series: Frank Archibald Memorial Lectures 1986 series - publisher essay

      'The Frank Archibald Memorial Lecture is an annual event held in honour of Mr Frank Archibald, a revered Aboriginal community member of the Armidale area. Frank Archibald was renowned for his knowledge and interest in all issues affecting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, particularly education.

      'The Frank Archibald Memorial Lecture has been held as part of the University of New England’s Lecture Series since 1986 and is dedicated to Frank Archibald, his family and Aboriginal people of the New England region. The Lecture is presented by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander speakers who are leading professionals in fields such as education, law, social justice, government and the arts. When the University established the Lecture, its intention was to invite speakers to give public address on current issues which are important to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with an emphasis on education.

      'In 2011 the 25th anniversary of the Frank Archibald Memorial Lecture was commemorated through a presentation by the founding Director of Oorala Aboriginal Centre, Ms Lynette Riley, who had established this lecture series at the University in 1986.'

      (Source : University of New England)

      Number in series: 10
Last amended 31 Oct 2019 12:33:45
X