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First Nations of the North-East

(Status : Public)
Coordinated by BlackWords Team
  • Who and Where are the Noonuccal People?

    Under development...

    The homeland of the Noonuccal / Nunukul people is Minjerribah, (Island in the Sun), but now known as North Stradbroke Island. The island with South Stradbroke and Moreton Island act as a barrier to Moreton Bay (Quandamooka).This trail introduces Noonuccal / Nunukul writers, storytellers, and works (in process).


    The Nunukul people are of the Qunadamooka people; their land is on Minjerribah (North Stradbroke Island).

    Although the people are Noonukul (also sometimes Noonuccal), AUSTLANG notes that the language is Moondjan (AIATSIS code E21).

    AustLit has an extensive information trail for authors of Noonukul heritage: see the information trail here.

    See all AustLit records for people of Noonukul heritage.

    See AustLit records for works about Noonukul people and stories.


    Readers are advised to explore resources available at the Australian Institute for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) website and the zoomable map of Indigenous Australia, developed as a part of the Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia

  • Noonuccal/Nunukul People their Poetry and Stories

  • Oodgeroo Noonuccal (aka Kath Walker)

    Oodgeroo (meaning 'paperbark tree') of the Noonuccal people of Stradbroke Island was known as Kath Walker until she returned to her language name in 1988 as a sign of protest against Australia's Bicentenary celebrations and as a symbol of pride in an Aboriginal heritage.

    Brought up on North Stradbroke Island east of Brisbane, Oodgeroo Noonuccal was educated at Dunwich State School until the age of thirteen and then became a domestic servant.

    See full AustLit entry

    Oodgeroo Noonuccal was the most eminent orator, poet, storyteller, author and activist from the Noonuccal people. She was best known for her poetry, and was the first Aboriginal Australian to publish a book of verse, We Are Going in 1964.

  • Oodgeroo : A Tribute also titled Australian Literary Studies edited by Adam Shoemaker

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    Collection of essays and reminiscences, reflecting on all aspects of Oodgeroos career, from the poet and visual artist to the Aboriginal spokesperson, performer, activist, and educator. Includes photographs, examples of her visual art, and a bibliographical checklist compiled by Janine Little.

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • Don Featherstone's Short Film on Indigenous Australian poet Oodgeroo Noonuccal.

    Warning: this video contains images of deceased Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

    In this short film Oodgeroo Noonuccal recites and talks about her poem The Dispossessed. This poem was published in We Are Going : Poems, Oodgeroo Noonuccal's first published collection of poems.

  • We Are Going : Poems by Kath Walker (aka Oodgeroo Noonuccal)

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    This is the first collection of poems by Oodgeroo Noonuccal (originally published as Kath Walker).

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • The Dawn Is at Hand by Kath Walker (aka Oodgeroo Noonuccal)

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    'Through her poems, Kath Walker communicates the frustrations of Aborigines in the white world; her poems are brilliant and original.' (Source: GoodReads website)

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • My People : A Kath Walker Collection by Kath Walker (aka Oodgeroo Noonuccal)

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    'Oodgeroo's writing is often a provocative and passionate plea for justice. My People is a collection of poetry and prose and a reminder of Oodgeroo's contribution to indigenous culture and the journey to reconciliation.' (Source: Reading Australia website)

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry

    The work My People : A Kath Walker Collection includes all poems from Oodgeroo's previous two collections, We Are Going and The Dawn Is at Hand, plus a number of new pieces in the second and third editions.

  • Lisa Bellear (aka Noonuccal Bellear)

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    Lisa Bellear was a Goernpil woman of the Noonuccal people of Minjerribah (Stradbroke Island), Queensland. She was a poet, writer, visual artist, academic and social commentator who was actively involved in Indigenous affairs throughout Australia. She was an executive member of the Black Women's Action in Education Foundation (BWAEF) and was a volunteer broadcaster on 3CR community radio for eleven years on the 'Not Another Koori Show.' She completed a Bachelor of Social Work in 1986 and completed a Master of Arts (Womens Studies) in 1996 from the University of Melbourne.

    See full AustLit entry

    Lisa Bellear was a poet, writer, visual artist, academic and social commentator who was actively involved in Indigenous affairs throughout Australia.

    Bellear wrote Dreaming In Urban Areas published by UQP in 1996, a book of poetry which explores the experience of Aboriginal people in contemporary society. She said in an interview with Roberta Sykes that her 'poetry was not about

    putting down white society. It's about self-discovery.'

    Bellear's other poetry was published in journals and newspapers. In 2006, she was awarded the Deadly prize for making an outstanding contribution to literature with her play The Dirty Mile: A History of Indigenous Fizroy, a suburb of

    Melbourne

  • Romaine Moreton

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    A writer, film maker and performance poet, Romaine Moreton is from the Goernpil people of Stradbroke Island and the Bundjulung people of northern New South Wales. Romaine came from a farming and seasonal working family that later settled in the country town of Bodalla, New South Wales.

    It was while she was growing up in the country that Romaine developed a love of storytelling. Picking beans in a field, she'd make up stories about her surroundings. Throughout high school, her teachers encouraged her to become a writer, a suggestion she rejected at first and warmed to later.

    See full AustLit entry

    A writer, film maker and performance poet, Romaine Moreton is from the Goernpil people of Stradbroke Island and the Bundjulung people of northern New South Wales. Romaine came from a farming and seasonal working family that later settled in the country town of Bodalla, New South Wales.

    See in particular A Walk with Word, a film about Romaine Moreton.

  • Tracey Bunda

    Photo courtesy of the author.

    Tracey Bunda's family are the Wakka Wakka and the Goenpul people. Her career in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander higher education began in 1986 at the Gippsland Institute in Victoria. She later became the convenor of the Weemala Centre, Australian Catholic University, the Director of the Wollotuka Centre at Newcastle University and the Director of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Higher Education at Ngunnalwal Centre at the University of Canberra. Associate Professor Bunda was appointed Director of the Yunggorendi First Nations Centre in Flinders University of South Australia in 2005.

    See full AustLit entry
  • Noonuccal/Nunukul Themed Children's Books

  • Stradbroke Dreamtime by Kath Walker (aka Oodgeroo Noonuccal)

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    Stradbroke Dreamtime 'presents two aspects of Oodgeroo's life. Part one, 'Stories from Stradbroke', describes episodes from Oodgeroo's childhood in Australian society and an impression of her family's Aboriginal heritage. Part two, 'Stories from the Old and New Dreamtime', is made up of traditional Aboriginal lore which Oodgeroo heard as a child.' Publisher's blurb (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • Australia's Unwritten History : More Legends of Our Land by Oodgeroo Noonuccal

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    '...These legends are Australia's unwritten history, handed down by word of mouth through countless generations. They tell of the spirit beings, and the animals, plants and landscapes that they created..

    'The legends in this book are told by Aborigines from widely different regions of Australia: Tasman, the Gold Coast area, and Stradbroke Island...' (Source: Back cover)

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • Legends of Our Land by Oodgeroo Noonuccal

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    'We all love legends. Imagine the mysterious magic of the Australian bush and the sea. The are ancient, and so are their Aboriginal legends.'

    'Each tribe has different legends about the land. For many, many years they have repeated them, passing the legends down from generation to generation by word of mouth, telling of spirits being, and the animals, plants and landscapes that they created.'

    'The legends in this book are told by Aborigines from widely different regions of Australia: Tasmania, Western Australia and Stradbroke Island.

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • Noonuccal/Nunukul Playwrights, Plays, theatre and Films

  • Michelle Blanchard

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    Michelle Blanchard is a descendant of the people of North Stradbroke Island (Minjeeribah) in Queensland. She has served as the Deputy Director of the Koori Centre at the University of Sydney and taught within the broader area of Aboriginal Studies. Blanchard holds a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts (Creative Writing) and is well known as in the areas of radio, stage, film, and print. Blanchard's PhD research, undertaken with the University of Technology Sydney, explores the relationships between Western theatre practice and the role of Indigenous performance.
    See full AustLit entry
  • Redfern Now written by Jon Bell, Adrian Wills, Steven McGregor, Danielle Maclean, Michelle Blanchard and Wayne Blair

    Screen cap from opening credits

    Redfern Now is 'the first contemporary TV drama series written, directed and produced by Indigenous Australians.'

    Source: ABC Television website.

    (...more)
    See full AustLit entry
  • David, Stephen and Russell Page

    A trinity of talented brothers, David, Stephen and Russell. David has composed music for many of the Bangarra Dance Theatre's major works, including Mathinna. Stephen was appointed Artistic Director of Bangarra Dance Theatre in 1991,Russell was an acclaimed dancer for Bangarrabut died in 2002. David and Stephen's latest work Patyegarang tells the story of Patyegarang, the inspirational journey of a potent Indigenous spirit alive in Australia’s past and present.

    See also Teaching with BlackWords Information Trails, click on Bundalung Theatre and Film for more David and Stephen's work Mathinna.

  • Criticism and Non-Fiction Works

  • Aileen Moreton-Robinson

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    Aileen Moreton-Robinson is a Geonpul woman from Minjerribah (Stradbroke Island), Quandamooka First Nation (Moreton Bay) in Queensland. Professor Moreton-Robinson has held the position of Convenor in Indigenous Studies at Griffith University's School of Humanities and has held academic posts at Flinders University, the University of South Australia, Brisbane College of Advanced Education, and The University of Queensland. More recently, she has been Dean of Indigenous Research and Engagement at Queensland University of Technology (QUT).

    See full AustLit entry
  • Denis Walker (aka Bejam Kunmunara Jarlow Nunkel Kabool)

    Bejam Kunmunara Jarlow Nunukel Kabool, formerly known as Denis Walker is the eldest son of highly respected Aboriginal campaigner and writer, Oodgeroo Noonuccal. Kabool played a key role in the formation of the National Tribal Council in 1970. The organisation was established to assert Aboriginal self determination nationally. In 1972, Kabool formed an Australian version of the Black Panther Party. Since the 1970s, Bejam Kunmunara Jarlow Nunukel Kabool has worked towards the development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander services and the improvement of relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

    See full AustLit entry

    See in particular the speech written by Denis walker and originally delivered by Oodgeroo Noonuccal at Queensland University of Technology in 1992, titled Beyond Terra Nullius, The Lie.

  • Noonuccal/Nunukul Organisations

    Nunukul Yuggera Aboriginal Dance troupe prides itself on being one of the best Aboriginal dance group's in Australia. See their website for more information.

    The Oodgeroo Unit has a major responsibility and commitment to developing better access to university education for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people so that more have opportunities to participate in the higher levels of education. It also performs a leadership role in the university in the promotion of cultural awareness and social justice for Australia's Indigenous people.

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