Born: Established: 13 Sep 1865
William Riddell Birdwood (1865-1951) was commander of the forces raised by Australia and New Zealand for service in Europe. He played a key role in the assault on ANZAC Cove. On 14 September 1916, he was formally appointed commander of the Australian Imperial Force.
Birdwood toured Australia and New Zealand in 1920 after which he returned to the Indian Army, becoming commander-in-chief in 1925. He retired in 1930 and died at Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, on 17 May 1951