AustLit is a subscription service. The content and services available here are limited because you have not been recognised as a subscriber. Find out how to gain full access to AustLit

AbstractHistoryArchive Description

A localised and updated adaptation of W. M. Akhurst's 1869 pantomime The House that Jack Built, or, Harlequin Progress and the Loves, Laughs, Laments and Labors of Jack Melbourne and Little Victoria (Theatre Royal, Melbourne), with incidental music (including the overture) by Walter Rice.

The pantomime contains numerous hits at local identities, issues, and events. Of this aspect of the production, Richard Fotheringham writes:

'Since before 1820 the 'House that Jack Built' story had been used for political commentary. Akhurst follows this tradition in making his hero Jack Melbourne and Little Victoria represent the hopes and fears for the future of that colony and his villain Orognome some of its current vices, particularly unscrupulous and fraudulent manipulation of mining stocks and share trading 'Under the Verandah'. The Sydney localiser found no reason to alter this element, apart from substituting a few more recent financial scandals or ones closer to home' (Australian Plays for the Colonial Stage, pp.220-21).

There does appear, however, to be a less explicit celebration of local achievements in this production.

The story concerns Jack Sydney, who has been raised and educated by the Fairy Queen Diamantina in an attempt to foil the evil plans of Orognome (the Gold Sovereign). Some years previously, Orognome kidnapped Little Australia,to prevent her from bringing to fruition a prophecy made at her birth, which foretells that she would 'rule half the earth'. Diamantina's plan is that Jack will improve the land upon which 'his lot has been cast', thereby countering Orognome's intentions. However, being both mortal and a young man just on eighteen, Jack begins exhibiting desires to move beyond the fairy cave he has lived in almost all his life. He digs a hole that eventually leads him to Orognome's home, where he meets and falls in love with Little Australia. The Gold Sovereign drugs Jack and leaves 'him in a critical position on the line over which the gold trucks pass'. He is saved from being crushed (in a burlesque of Dion Boucicault's After Dark) by Joey, 'a marsupial attendant upon Little Australia and who possesses 'largely cultivated instincts.' With the aid of Diamantina, Jack and Little Australia make their way to the surface, where Jack is required to build a house and make history in order to defeat Orognome. Although he succeeds in erecting his house (it turns out to be the House of Parliament) and presenting a panorama of Sydney's history from 1835 to the present day, Jack does not prosper from his handiwork. He is later found outside the house, where Orognome, disguised as a stockbroker (an 'under the Verandah Man'), swindles him through bogus land and mining speculation. Jack is once again saved by Diamantina, however, before being conveyed, along with Little Australia and Joey, to the 'Golden Conservatory and Temple of Gems', where the transformation scene takes place.

(Plot synopsis cited in Age 28 December 1869, p.3; Australasian 1 January 1870, p.18; and Sydney Mail 30 December 1871, p.1395).

The scenes presented were:

Act 1.

Scene 1. The Haunted Dell of Diamonds with Fairy Castle in the Air.

Scene 2. The Superficial Deposits and Stratified Rocks Leading to the Great Suburb of Horrifferousquartzton.

Scene 3. Palatial Caverns of Orognome.

Scene 4. The Dell of Diamonds (Revisited).

Scene 5. The House that Jack Built.

Scene 6. Exterior of the New Post Office.

Grand Transformation Scene and Harlequinade:

Act 2.

Scene 1. Post Office, Sydney.

Scene 2. Turner's Market Cloth Hall, 484 George Street, and Lemaire's Toy Shop.

Scene 3. A Well Known Spot in Hyde Park, Sydney.

Scene 4. G. H. Smith, Hatter, George Street.

Scene 5. The Loviathon Plum Pudding.

Scene 6. Silver Trelliced Dell in the Australian Fernery.

Songs incorporated into this production included the opening from the opera Pipele (by Serafino De Ferrari), 'Dada' (solo and chorus), 'Popsy Wopsy' (duet), 'Wind Up Galop' (duet and chorus), 'The Style to Which It's Done' (topical song), 'Rollicking Rams' (chorus), 'Chickaleary Bloke', 'Ring the Bell, Watchman', 'See at Your Feet' (trio), 'Fair Land of Poland' (solo), 'Through the World' (trio), 'Meet me in the Lane', 'Cruel Jane Jemima', 'J'aime les Militairs', 'Cork Leg', 'Mary Holder', 'Burlington Arcade' (duet), and 'Hot Coddlins'.

Notes

  • Richard Fotheringham further notes that although 'about eighty percent of the dialogue and stage directions is identical' in both versions of the pantomime

    'the differences between them are significant. They consist principally of references to people, places and prominent business in either Melbourne or Sydney, and to political and other public events topical in one colony or the other in the year in which that version was performed' (p.232).

  • The advertised cast list and published libretto have Maggie Burton named as Little Australia. Harry Power was brought in at the last moment to replace Burton when 'the fickle young lady' unexpectedly left the country for California (Australian Town and Country Journal 30 December 1871, p.852). Power's name was subsequently pasted over Ms Burton's for the published libretto. Richard Fotheringham sees the choice of replacement as an odd one, noting that it 'seems to undermine the civic allegory which Akhurst had devised' (p.229).

    The Sydney season was cut short due to a fire on the night of 6 January 1872 that burnt down the theatre, along with several other nearby buildings.

    Advertising in the Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1871, p.4) provides a detailed list of characters and character descriptions. See also Richard Fotheringham, Australian Plays for the Colonial Stage, for a detailed analysis of the text, songs, and references.

Production Details

  • 1871: Prince of Wales Opera House, Sydney, 23 December 1871 - 5 January 1872

    • Director James J. Bartlett; Lessee William Dind; Stage Manager James H. Rainford; Music Arranger Walter Rice; Director of Comic Scenes George Simms and Joseph Collins; Chorus Edward McLean; Scenic Art Alfred Clint and W. J. Wilson; Costumes Mrs Stapleton.
    • Cast incl. Eleanor Carey (Diamantina), Charles Young (Jack), Marion Dixon (Rubillippa), J. J. Welsh (Orognome), Harry Power (Little Australia), Mr Milner (Gaffer Sydney, Jack's father), Miss L. Dixon (Dolly Sydney, Jack's sister),George Melville (Dame Sydney, Jack's mother / Policeman), James Hasker (Bill Ragboys / Pantaloon), Maggie McKeown (Columbine), Mary Forde (Harlequina), Edward McLean (Joey / Harlequin), George Simms (Clown), Mr Lambert (Macwoe).
    • 12 performances.

Publication Details of Only Known VersionEarliest 2 Known Versions of

  • Appears in:
    y Australian Plays for the Colonial Stage : 1834-1899 Richard Fotheringham (editor), St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 2006 Z1238215 2006 anthology drama (taught in 3 units) St Lucia : University of Queensland Press , 2006 pg. 217-314
    Note:
    • See 'Introduction', pp.218-232.
    • Both the Melbourne and Sydney texts are presented as enfolded text. (See 'Note on the Text', pp.234-235 for conventions of presentation.)
    • Includes facsimile reproductions of the cover-wrapper for the 1869 Melbourne libretto and the cast list for the 1871 Sydney libretto.
    • Music and lyrics for songs presented in the Sydney and Melbourne productions are included at the end of the publication, see pp.668-705.

Works about this Work

A Sydney Pantomime Will Correy , 2008 single work column
— Appears in: Margin , November no. 76 2008; (p. 21-25)
Destructive and Fatal Fire at the Prince of Wales Theatre 1872 single work review
— Appears in: The Illustrated Sydney News , 20 January 1872; (p. 3)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre
Fires : Destruction of the Prince of Wales Theatre and Other Buildings 1872 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Mail , 13 January 1872; (p. 40)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre
Theatrical and Amusements 1871 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Mail , 30 December 1871; (p. 1395)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre ; Trookulentos the Tempter ; Or, Harlequin Cockatoo!! The Demon of Discontent, the Good Fairy of Contentment, and the Four-Leaved Shamrock of Australia Garnet Walch 1871 single work musical theatre
Dramatic and Musical Review Biron , 1871 single work review
— Appears in: The Australian Town and Country Journal , 30 December vol. 4 no. 104 1871; (p. 852)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre ; Trookulentos the Tempter ; Or, Harlequin Cockatoo!! The Demon of Discontent, the Good Fairy of Contentment, and the Four-Leaved Shamrock of Australia Garnet Walch 1871 single work musical theatre
The Pantomime at the Royal 1871 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 23 December 1871; (p. 7)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre
Theatrical and Amusements 1871 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Mail , 30 December 1871; (p. 1395)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre ; Trookulentos the Tempter ; Or, Harlequin Cockatoo!! The Demon of Discontent, the Good Fairy of Contentment, and the Four-Leaved Shamrock of Australia Garnet Walch 1871 single work musical theatre
Dramatic and Musical Review Biron , 1871 single work review
— Appears in: The Australian Town and Country Journal , 30 December vol. 4 no. 104 1871; (p. 852)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre ; Trookulentos the Tempter ; Or, Harlequin Cockatoo!! The Demon of Discontent, the Good Fairy of Contentment, and the Four-Leaved Shamrock of Australia Garnet Walch 1871 single work musical theatre
Destructive and Fatal Fire at the Prince of Wales Theatre 1872 single work review
— Appears in: The Illustrated Sydney News , 20 January 1872; (p. 3)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre
Fires : Destruction of the Prince of Wales Theatre and Other Buildings 1872 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Mail , 13 January 1872; (p. 40)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre
The Pantomime at the Royal 1871 single work review
— Appears in: The Sydney Morning Herald , 23 December 1871; (p. 7)

— Review of The House that Jack Built ; Or, Harlequin Jack Sydney, Little Australia and the Gnome of the Golden Mine, and the Australian Fernery in the Golden Conservatory, the Home of Diamantina W. M. Akhurst Anonymous 1871 single work musical theatre
A Sydney Pantomime Will Correy , 2008 single work column
— Appears in: Margin , November no. 76 2008; (p. 21-25)

PeriodicalNewspaper Details

Note:

This entry has been sourced from on-going historical research into Australian-written music theatre being conducted by Dr Clay Djubal.

Details have also been derived in part from the Annotated Calendar of Plays Premiered in Australia: 1870-1890.

Last amended 12 Oct 2016 14:45:38
X